20 Types of Lizards in Florida

Types Of Lizards in Florida
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There are different types of lizards in Florida. The Sunshine State boasts more than 300 different types of lizards making Florida one of the most biologically diverse places in the world!

Some types of lizards are indigenous to Florida. There are also many that aren’t, which can sometimes cause problems for the ecosystem. 

This article will look at the various types of lizards in Florida and how they might affect your area. If you live near any type of lizard, it’s important to understand them and their characteristics to ensure your safety and that of your property!

1. Skink

Lizards are a type of animal that can be found all over the world. There are many different types, but one type that is especially common in Florida is called a skink. Skinks are often found under rocks or bark on tree trunks, making them very difficult to find. 

A major difference between skinks and other lizards is that they shed their skin regularly, with adult skinks shedding their skin once every 3 months.

They may also appear to have bands around their body.  This is due to this layer changing colors and adapting to changes in environment and needs. 

This process helps them become invisible when they are lying down among leaves or branches, as well as helps them survive winter temperatures by being able to change colors based on what camouflage is needed for the season and environment.

2. Anoles

Florida’s native lizards belong to anoles, also known as glass lizards. These little types of lizards in Florida are different from other types because they have movable eyelids on their neck. Making it easier for them to catch prey and see threats coming. 

Meanwhile, they eat bugs and small insects, with crickets being their favorite. Florida has more than 12 species of anoles, and each is found exclusively in its own area throughout the state: 

Cuban Knight Anole (Knight Anole), Little Brown Anole (Brown Anole), Big Bend Slender Anole (Slender Anole), Carolina Slender Lizard (Carolina Slender Lizard), Pine Island Black Sand Anole (Black Sand 

3. Gecko

The leopard gecko, or Eublepharis macularius, is a lizard native to Madagascar but has since been introduced into Florida. It has become established as an invasive species and therefore is not endangered. 

Other vernacular names for this lizard include big-headed gecko, four-toed gecko, common house gecko, and little spotted leaf-tailed gecko. When searching for this lizard, you should look at ceilings, window sills, and walls.  

Nocturnal creatures spend their days sleeping under bushes or tree trunks. Leopard Geckos may grow up to twelve inches long with a tail that can be twice as long.

4. Eastern Fence Lizard

The Eastern Fence Lizard is one of two types of lizards in Florida. The other is the Southern Alligator Lizard. The colors vary between greenish-grey, red, or dark brown and are usually three to four inches long. 

Some females will grow to be as long as six inches while males stay small, around two to three inches. The average weight is around 1-2 ounces. 

Also, you might find them basking on fence posts or low rocks on warm sunny days during mating season (in March). And between May and June lay eggs in soft soil outside their burrows when it’s not too hot.

5. Broadhead Skink

The Broadhead Skink is an elusive reptile that is rarely seen. This species can grow up to 9 inches long and has tan or brown blotches down its body with dark brown markings on the back and tail.

Feeling threatened, they may puff out their neck and pretend to be a snake by opening their mouth wide. 

These types of lizards in Florida will eat any prey that is bigger than its head. Including beetles, earthworms, lizards, salamanders, spiders, and even small snakes.

It generally eats whatever it finds within one foot of ground level. But if it cannot find anything close by, it will climb trees or bushes until something gets within range.

6. Mediterranean House Gecko

The Mediterranean House Gecko is a type of lizard indigenous to Italy and was introduced to Florida. This particular gecko has been one of America’s most successful house geckos because it has adapted to living outside, indoors, and eating vegetables and insects. 

In recent years, this particular lizard has been responsible for dispersing around 100 eggs annually. The most surprising fact about this type of house gecko is that even though it can get as large as six inches long, it never grows taller than two inches tall! 

This is mainly due to their lack of tail limbs; without any other limbs on their back half, there isn’t anything holding them up off the ground besides their belly scales.

7. Green Iguana

The green iguana is one of the most popular types of lizards in Florida. They are well known for their intelligence and ability to learn tricks. This type is a tropical reptile and cannot survive extremely cold temperatures. 

Other common names for this type include; American Iguana, Common Iguana, Dominican Iguana, or False Tree-Dragon. Green iguanas are often found on coastlines in Central America or along Gulf Coast states like Louisiana and Texas. 

However, you may also find them on the east coast from Florida all the way up through New York City. If you do spot one in your neighborhood, then make sure to call Animal Control, as these particular types of turtles can be very dangerous when provoked or threatened with their poisonous saliva. 

This species is one of the largest types of lizards in Florida and is known for its long tail that they use to keep itself balanced while they climb trees and power lines.

These reptiles enjoy eating fruit, leaves, eggs, birds, and insects which,h they catch by using their quick reflexes and great sense of sight.

One thing you should know about this type is that they can carry salmonella. This means it’s important to wash your hands after handling one or if it’s dead around your home where other pets could come into contact with it.

8. Brown Anole

Lizards are amazing animals, and many people enjoy keeping them as pets. For those who want to start breeding these critters, it’s important first to learn what type they have and what coloration they will produce.

Brown anole lizard is one of the types of lizards in Florida and is identified by its bright green coloring. 

They are very territorial, so breeding them can be difficult, but once you find a female and a male, you can get some lizards from your pet store.

To mate your lizards, put both into a glass tank with plenty of foliage. The mating process takes only seconds, so you may have to release them several times before they start trying to mate.

9. Green Anole

Often found clinging to windows, fences, and trees, the green anole is one of the most commonly encountered types of lizards found in Florida.

These are sometimes referred to as American chameleons because they can change colors for camouflage purposes. 

Green anoles generally have a base color that is brown or tan with light spots and black on their backs, sides, and legs.

This green anole typically grows up to 6 inches long and has webbed toes to help it hold onto its perch. Females will lay eggs 4-5 times throughout the year, depending on temperature changes in their environment.

10. Southeastern Five-Lined Skink

The southeastern five-lined skink, also known as a blue belly lizard, is one of Florida’s most common types of lizards. They are typically between six and ten inches long and weigh less than three ounces. 

This species is usually blue with a cream or yellow underbelly and several black stripes. They have keeled scales along their back and sides, which helps distinguish them from other five-lined skinks.

11. Broadhead Skink

Florida’s Broadhead Skink is a type of lizard. It has a thick body, dull brown or gray coloring, and two stripes down its back with black blotches on each end.

One stripe may be wider than the other, with one to five black blotches on it. On average, their body can grow up to 15 cm (6 inches) long from nose to tail tip.

They are often found living around swamps or marshes near buildings and other areas near water where there is plant life for them to hide. They mainly eat snails and insects but will occasionally eat other lizards.

12. Eastern Fence Lizard

The Eastern Fence Lizard is one of the different types of lizards native to the United States but also found living in Florida.

Like most other types of lizards in Florida, they can run on their hind legs, though they are more likely to be found walking or climbing. They often hang out on fences or large rocks and logs.

This type of lizard eats insects and can grow up to six inches long. They are brown with a light stripe from their eye down their back and have a row of dark spots along their back.

When predators threaten, these lizards will hiss loudly and rear up in an S-shape. If this doesn’t work, they will run away quickly or attack if necessary. 

13. Bark Anole

The bark anole is a small type of lizard found in Florida. Unlike many other types of lizards in Florida, this particular species doesn’t need water to survive.

It eats all its moisture from other sources. It can often crawl along tree bark or on fallen logs during dusk hours. 

14. Six-Lined Racerunner

The Six-Lined Racerunner is also known as the Wandering Lizard, which we should be able to tell by its loping, high-speed sprinting.

They are dull brown and can run sideways, forwards, and backward. Helping them escape predators or swiftly outmaneuver prey. 

Also, it has an elongated body shape that is marked with six cream-colored stripes. If you happen to get bitten by one, it will result in a fever from bacterial infections from their mouth bacteria.

15. Tropical House Gecko

If you are looking for a lizard that likes to spend a lot of time inside and around people’s homes, this is your lizard. They like to be near window sills and often perch themselves on exterior walls. 

These types of lizards in Florida are relatively small and slender lizards that measure around nine inches. They are easily identified by the white spots all over their bodies. This provides them protection from predators when resting during the day.

16. Rainbow Whiptail

The Rainbow Whiptail is an arboreal lizard with large, smooth scales. They come in various colors, from bright yellow to deep brown, and have red or blue flecks on their skin. 

Generally living 5-7 years on average, the Rainbow Whiptail gets its name from its forked tail that resembles a rainbow. They make excellent pets for people who have appropriate housing for them.

17. Knight Anole

They were given their name due to their resemblance to medieval knights on horseback with their spiked armor and helmet.

Although they are commonly mistaken for iguanas, these types of lizards in Florida are not related in any way whatsoever. 

The most distinguishing characteristic is the size and length, as Knight anoles grow from 3-6 inches long, which makes them much smaller than iguanas which can be anywhere from 12-2 feet long! 

These guys can also range from light tan to olive green or brownish-black coloration. There’s also a variation between each individual Knight Anole as well. For example, some might have stripes on their backs while others may not!

18. Ocellated Skink

The ocellated skink is a small lizard generally weighing less than five ounces. The reptile has several interesting physical characteristics, including its elongated eyes, well-developed claws, and large scales. 

Also, its tail makes up about half of its body length and has a coloration that includes browns, greens, and oranges on the back with red spots on its sides.

There are no tails as long as this one was found on an ocellated skink outside of Cuba, where this type was first discovered.

19. Brown Basilisk

The brown basilisk is among the most popular and very interesting types of lizards in Florida. They can be found throughout the state but tend to prefer subtropical areas. 

They are called brown basilisks because of their coloring. Although there are different shades, they typically have brown or greenish-brown skin on their backs.  A white or yellow belly helps them blend into their environment to hunt prey. 

What’s fascinating about these types of lizards in Florida is that they seem to hop across surfaces instead of slithering as other species do–the feet even work independently from each other.

In fact, it’s been estimated that their leap distance is anywhere from six inches to 18 inches!

20. Agamas

Florida has different types of lizards, including a few native species. Some common non-native species include the Brown Anole and Green Iguana. 

One type that is native to this region is the Agama Lizard (often referred to as Mountain Lizard). The Agama Lizards can grow to be around six inches long, and their scales change colors depending on where they live.

Conclusion

There are lots of reptiles that you might find in Florida. Each one has its own unique characteristics and behaviors to help it survive in its environment. 

The three main types of lizards in Florida are anoles, skinks, and geckos, but there are many more unique species that make their home there too.

Here’s a closer look at some of the most common types of lizards in Florida that you might encounter while on your next outing in the state.

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